How To Reduce Melanin In Skin

How to Reduce Melanin in Skin | Brighten your skin

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Melanin formation is the natural protection of the skin against ultraviolet radiation. In fact, it is a barrier that traps and absorbs ultraviolet light and prevents it from affecting the deeper layers of the skin. Let’s discuss the ways to reduce the melanin in the skin.

People who read more about Melanin they actually looking for whiting the skin with some cream that helps to maintain the melanin in the body.

There is one way to prevent melanin from forming: apply sunscreen to the skin where the sun’s rays fall. For example, regularly renew if it is a cream-based on chemical filters. 

If you apply sunscreen on your face, but the sun’s rays hit other unprotected areas of the skin (for example, hands), the pigment will form on both the hands and face. Because melanocytes – the cells that produce pigment – form a network all over the skin.

And as soon as the sun’s rays get on the unprotected area of ​​the skin, all melanocytes “learn” about it almost immediately. And they will start to produce melanin, even in areas that you cover with cream.

What is melanin?

Melanin is a substance that is responsible for the color of hair, skin, iris, and biochemical processes in the body. The excess leads to the appearance of age spots and freckles. It is possible to reduce melanin in the body through complex therapy.

Age Spots:

They can be of different colors, from light brown to black, but have the same texture as the rest of the skin. Pigmented spots appear where the skin is damaged by solar radiation, does not hurt or cause physical discomfort

Melanin protects the skin:

Melanin is a natural pigment that protects the skin from UV radiation. When exposed to sunlight, melanocytes in the lower layers of the epidermis produce melanin and transport it through special cells called dendrites to the upper layer of the skin.

There, the melanin absorbs sunlight and protects the skin from UV radiation, preventing further penetration. When the skin is not exposed to sunlight, melanin is not synthesized.

Each time this process is activated, a small trace is left in the cells. Over time, these marks accumulate and pigmentation spot forms. As if we were drawing something with a pencil on a piece of paper several times and then erasing it. In the end, the pencil mark still remains on the paper.  

Accumulation of Melanin:

With age, all processes in the body begin to go slower and less efficiently. The same applies to the synthesis of melanin: it begins to accumulate in some areas of the skin. Also, at an older age, the cumulative effect of melanin production is manifested: the damage to which the skin underwent in adolescence becomes noticeable over the years.

Commonly, pigmentation starts at the age of 40 years and above but it can be started earlier. If you are worried about melanin synthesis at 20, then use this age calculator to know “How old was I at an X date or at 40”. Once you got your exact age from this chronological year calculator, then start taking healthy foods in advance to avoid bad spots on your skin.

Hormonal Imbalances:

There are several reasons for this process. The most obvious is UV radiation. But hormonal imbalances, such as during pregnancy, can also affect the appearance of pigmentation. In addition, different people have increased or decreased melanin synthesis, so the effect will differ from person to person. 

Long-term UV radiation will result in uneven skin tone and accelerated skin aging. You must use those creams which have an SPF factor, especially in areas where there are many sunny days. There we recommend using SPF all year round. 

How to slow melanin in the skin

The melanin is a type of acid found in our cells and developing the pigment that determines skin type: white-blonde, brown, or black-half-dark.

However, although genetics and ethnicity, as well as the amount of melanin in our skin, is very important when it comes to developing the pigment, there are other factors that can activate or reduce melanin production, causing it to change our skin color.

Vitamin A:

Creams that are made up of vitamin A, or also known as retinol, stimulate the growth of new cells. Although retinol does not remove melanin, with the growth of new cells, it helps to supply hyperpigmented skin. Incorporate foods rich in vitamin A into your diets, such as carrots, green vegetables, potatoes, or liver. They are all products rich in retinol.

Vitamin C:

On the other hand, ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C, has antioxidant properties that seep into the skin and help control melanin production and inhibition.

For this reason, if we expose ourselves to the sun and apply creams rich in vitamin C to our complexions, their antioxidants will neutralize the melanin-producing cells, thus reducing the amount.

You can also incorporate vitamin C in your diet since you will find it in citrus fruits (orange, tangerine, lemon, grapes, vegetables such as peppers and green leafy vegetables.

Vitamin K and Vitamin D:

Vitamin K or vitamin-sun is the only one that our own body produces itself. When we are exposed to UV rays, its production begins. Currently, vitamin K is also used in many cosmetics to aid skin coloration. You can help natural production by consuming vitamin D supplements, or you can find vitamin K in vitamin D-enriched foods such as cereals, dairy, fish, and soy.

Vitamin E:

To combat any skin problem, vitamin E will be your ally. Although it does not act directly on the melanin production of the skin, it releases pigments that fight melanin and help the rapid recovery of the complexion.

In other words, it helps rejuvenate and replace damaged cells. You can obtain vitamin E through capsules or incorporate them into your diet through oily fish, spinach, or walnuts. Likewise, creams that contain aloe vera or wheat germ are also perfect for obtaining said vitamin.

Special Ingredients in the Creams:

On the other hand, look in your pharmacy for a cream suitable for your skin type that helps to whiten it and reduce its spots. To work properly, these creams must contain ingredients such as hydroquinone, retinoic acid, or azelaic acid, among other components that help reduce melanin in the skin.

Do Not Expose yourself to the sunlight:

Finally, remember that if you expose yourself to the sun, you should put on sun cream to prevent UV rays from acting insanely and punishing your skin. Over time, if you do not take precautions, you will notice your skin punished and full of spots caused by the excessive production of melanin. With sun protection, you can control it.

Natural remedies to Reduce Melanin in Skin

You do not know that these remedies will surely work, there is a belief that they could contribute to skincare in case of hyperpigmentation.

Of course, to obtain an adequate, safe, and effective treatment, it is best to consult the dermatologist and, at the same time, maintain a good care routine that includes the application of sunscreen daily. Hyperpigmentation is a problem that, if treated early in the right way, with the help of a dermatologist, can be alleviated.

Remedies are a popular suggestion that has no scientific validity and therefore, cannot guarantee good results. Always keep in mind that the use of sunscreen daily is essential. You must consult your doctor about the hydration products that would be best for you to use.

  • Potato

Ingredients:

  • Half Potato

Process:

  • First, chop the half potato into four slices.
  • Then, rub the potato on the most affected and stained areas of the skin and leave it to act for fifteen minutes.
  • After the indicated time, wash with plenty of cold water.

  • Lemon juice and honey

Ingredients:

  • 2 tablespoons of honey (50 g)
  • 2 tablespoons of lemon (30 ml)

Process:

  • Mix both ingredients until obtaining a more or less homogeneous combination.
  • Apply this paste on the stained areas and massage circularly.
  • Let stand for twenty minutes and wash with plenty of warm water.
  • Never apply this remedy for the day, as it can stain the skin.

  • Vitamin E and Aloe Vera

Ingredients:

  • 10 drops of vitamin E oil
  • 2 tablespoons aloe vera gel 

Process:

  • Mix the ingredients and apply the resulting gel on the stained areas.
  • Leave to act for twenty minutes.
  • When the time has passed, remove the gel with plenty of cold water.

  • Orange peel, milk, and honey

Ingredients:

  • 1 orange peel
  • ½ glass of milk (125 ml)
  • 2 tablespoons of honey (50 g)

Process:

  • Crush the orange peel in the blender until a powder is obtained.
  • Mix this powder with the milk and honey and spread well on all the areas that are stained.
  • Let’s wait for half an hour.
  • Remove and rinse with plenty of cold water.

  • Avocado

Ingredients:

  • 1 avocado
  • 4 tablespoons of honey (100 g)
  • 2 tablespoons of milk (30 ml)

Process:

  • Crush the avocado.
  • Mix with honey and milk.
  • Apply on the area of the skin which you feel is darker.
  • Remove when it has dried (it usually takes thirty minutes) and rinse with warm water.

How can You Reduce Melanin in Skin?

As I also discussed earlier, some home remedies with the help of which you can decrease the amount of melanin in your skin.

But here we will discuss other factors with the help of which you can lessen the amount of melanin. Along with the home treatments, you can also go for clinical procedures and home remedies.

Microdermabrasion:

In this process, the top layer of the skin is removed using a handheld device. So it is a procedure to exfoliate the skin to get rid of the excess melanin pigment.

The doctors usually use fine crystals to clear the top layer of the skin. However, it is a low procedure and is very effective if you are tan. The good thing about this procedure is that it makes the skin smooth and slippery.

Chemical peels:

Just like the microdermabrasion, the top layer of the skin is removed using chemical peels. It is also an exfoliation procedure where it removes the melanin deposits from the top layer of the skin. Then a fresh layer of the skin is exposed. Doctors usually use glycolic acid or lactic acid as the chemical peels to perform the procedure.

It is an effective way to reduce the melanin in your skin, but at the same time, it has certain side effects such as burning and redness.

So the doctor will see your skin type before conducting the chemical peels procedure. If you have sensitive skin then he will not go for this procedure, and if you are a normal skin holder, then you can go for this chemical peel.

Make sure that after any procedure or before any procedure you are using sunscreen before going to the sun. However, new cells are more prone to sun damage than older cells.

Laser resurfacing:

As the name depicts, in this procedure, a beam of light is targeted on the skin layer. Laser resurfacing has two types; ablative and non-ablative laser resurfacing.

However, if we talk about the side effects of both these types of laser resurfacing, then the ablative laser is slightly riskier than the non-ablative. However, you should consult your dermatologist for the best possible laser treatment according to your skin type to reduce melanin.

Other treatments to Decrease the Melanin

Hydroquinone:

It is the most famous and the oldest effective treatment to remove the melanin from the skin. The main purpose of hydroquinone is to reduce the number of melanocytes in the skin. With the passage of time, hydroquinone lightens the skin.

The natural alternative of hydroquinone is mulberry, but keep this thing in mind that sometimes it causes dryness in some people.

Kojic acid:

We all know that melanin is produced by amino acid tyrosine, and the main purpose of the acid is to inhibit the function of tyrosine. It is interesting to know that kojic acid is derived from certain kinds of fungi.

When applying on the skin, it is used in a concentration of less than 1%. However, just like the hydroquinone, it may cause certain side effects such as dermatitis. It is a condition when you feel itching or redness after applying it. Keep this thing very clear that if you use the kojic acid for a long period, then it may cause the skin prone to sun damage.

Retinoids:

These are Vitamin A derivatives, and its function is the same, just like the kojic acid, which is inhibiting the enzyme tyrosinase. If we talk about retinoid, then there is a retinoid named tretinoin, which is used to lighten the skin and inhibit the production of melanin.

Its function is very effective, where it disperses the remaining melanin granules evenly on the skin. So you will get the new cells of the skin which are fresh and even-toned. But you should regularly use sunblock while going outside during the daytime. 

foods or drinks which can decrease the amount of melanin in the body

You must also so take care of your diet on how to reduce the melanin in your skin as there are certain foods that are also responsible for reducing the amount of melanin in the body.

This is because there are certain ingredients present in these kinds of food which change the way your skin looks from the inside out and leaving you with a bright natural glow.

All the vitamins such as vitamins A, C, E, and K are very helpful in reducing melanin.

Other foods which are also effective are:

  • Carrots
  • Tomato juice
  • Pumpkin
  • Goat milk
  • Cheese
  • Eggs
  • Yogurt
  • All dark leafy greens

So, if you add these foods to your diet, then you will feel the difference. However, it takes some time, but it will benefit you in the long run.

Last Words

In this article, I discuss all the procedures which can possibly reduce the amount of melanin in the skin. These are certain treatments, use of certain creams, and also home remedies to get fair skin.

However, you must pay attention to your diet because certain foods also reduce the amount of melanin in the skin. Avoid sun exposure, use skin tone-correcting products, and use scrubs or peels twice a week. These will contribute to a smoother skin tone. 

If you live in a place where there are many sunny days a year, always wear a brimmed hat or visor and glasses when you are outdoors. Always use SPF products. Don’t underestimate cloudy days or sitting by a window: the skin still receives its dose of UV radiation.


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